1940s Public Service Ads Examined.
In the past, people were not as knowledgeable as we are today when it comes to hygiene. They made lots of mistakes in the name of hygiene, which were as dangerous as disgusting. In this article, we will explore 20 of the grossest hygiene trends throughout the history of humankind.
Gross Hygiene Trends throughout History:
1. No toilet paper: Before the invention of toilet paper, different civilizations used different techniques to clean up.
2. Public bath houses: Since only a few could afford to have the luxury of their own bathroom, people were forced to bathe in one of their local bath houses.
3. Bathing in the same water: Family members would have to bathe in the same water since heating water took a very long time.
4. Teeth worms: It was a common belief that the pain caused by a toothache was caused by worms in the teeth.
5. Baldness elixir: The author by the name of Peter Levins claimed to have discovered a cure for baldness. His miraculous solution consisted of chicken poop mixed with potassium salts.
6. Leeches: Back then, medics believed that most illnesses are caused by having too much blood. They tried to remedy this by having leeches extract blood from their patients.
7. Groom of the stool: Rulers would often have a person responsible for wiping their behind for them. This prestigious position was known as the groom of the stool.
8. Cauterizing wounds: Cauterization was a practice used during medieval times to stop the bleeding of wounds and amputations.
9. Contraception: Egyptian women were using a one-of-a-kind contraception method. They used a small pessary that was made from crocodile dung and was inserted into the vagina.
10. Lead-based makeup: Women used lead-based lighteners to whiten their skin, which was dangerous because lead contains high levels of arsenic and is therefore poisonous.
11. Chalk was on the menu: Many women would allegedly consume chalk to achieve a paler complexion.
12. Urine was an antiseptic: During the middle ages, urine was widely used as an antiseptic.
13. No utensils: Before the invention of utensils, people used to eat only with their hands.
14. Teeth selling: Aristocrats and rich folk would often suffer from rotting teeth. Poor people would resort to selling their healthy teeth on desperate occasions.
15. Doctors never wash their hands: Dealing with open sores and operations with unwashed hands would lead to many infections and untimely deaths in the past.
16. Pupil enlargement: Women during the middle ages went to great extents to appease the beauty standard. Using the belladonna plant for dilated pupils and flushed cheeks was a dangerous trend.
17. Cancerous hair removal: Women were getting exposed to x rays to remove facial hair, but it was soon found that x rays are cancerous.
18. Teeth blackening: In Japan and Vietnam, black teeth were achieved with a practice called ohaguro, which was done by painting teeth with a range of chemicals.
19. Radium: People highly believed in the healing powers of radium. Its popularity decreased drastically when it was discovered that radium causes cancer.
20. Servants covered in honey: To stop surrounding insects from bothering the pharaoh, ancient Egyptians would slather his servants with honey.
These gross hygiene trends throughout history show how important it is to practice good hygiene. Luckily, with the fast progress of science and education, nowadays, everybody is familiar with the importance of practicing good hygiene.
1950s SERVICE STATION FILM STANDARD OIL COMPANY of CALIFORNIA "MAKE MINE SERVICE" MD65654
Music, music, these are two important symbols for customers and businesses alike. They represent high-quality products and exceptional customer service. In the motoring industry, customers are attached to their cars and demand the same level of care and attention that they give to their own vehicles. Chevron, one of the leading companies in the industry, understands the importance of offering quality products and excellent customer service.
Chevron offers a network of stations that provide clean restrooms, quality motoring products, and efficient, uniform customer service. Customers on the road, especially during long trips or vacation periods, seek out stations that offer the type of service they want. All Chevron stations are identified with a common sign and carry the same high-quality products, including Chevron Supreme and Chevron Gasolines, RPM Supreme Motor Oil, and Atlas Tire Battery lines.
To make customers want to return to their station, Chevron emphasizes the importance of complete customer satisfaction. A satisfied customer is more likely to return and become a regular, steady customer, which is the lifeblood of any retail business. To achieve this, Chevron offers a seven-step pump block procedure that emphasizes thorough, efficient service. The seven steps are: greeting the customer, gasoline sale,
PROPERTY TAXATION 1940s EDUCATIONAL FILM TAXES, BONDS, INTEREST RATES & TAX ASSESSMENT 90614
Local governments provide various services to the people of their communities. Taxes are paid by the people to retain government activities and pay for the costs of these services.
Services provided by local governments:
1. Trained and equipped police forces to protect life and property against lawbreakers.
2. City fire department guards people's lives and property against fires.
3. Free education is one of the most valuable public services.
4. Public playgrounds and parks are provided for recreation.
Funding for services:
1. Taxes pay for all the kinds of costs, including current expenses and permanent improvements.
2. Cities frequently issue bonds to spread the cost of these improvements.
3. Local governments obtain loans by selling bonds to individual buyers who will receive interest.
Assessed valuation and tax rates:
1. Property is evaluated for tax purposes by the board of assessors.
2. The assessed valuation is determined as a proportion of the true value of each property and is used for taxation.
3. The share of each property owner in the total tax bill of his community is determined by the value of his property.
4. The total tax rate on a property is determined by adding the tax rates set by the county, city, and school district.
Payment of taxes:
1. The tax bill from the tax collector tells the property owner what his property tax payment will be for the year.
2. The property owner pays his share of the cost of the public services provided by his community.
Taxes are the property owner's payment for the public services provided by his community. When these services are adequate and efficient, they promote a healthier, safer, and happier community life.
Weight Reduction Through Diet (1951)
The article discusses the dangers of being overweight and the importance of maintaining a healthy weight. It also presents a scientific study conducted at Michigan State College to help people lose weight through a suitable diet. The article includes information on the diet plan, the benefits of weight loss, and the progress made by participants.
Dangers of Overweight:
Leisure records have shown that overweight decreases life expectancy. Excessive calorie intake is the cause of overweight, which is the single most extensive nutritional problem affecting public health in the country.
Prevention and Nutrition:
People should be informed that overweight is preventable. They should be given nutritional information that will help them maintain their ideal weight throughout life. Unwanted pounds can easily creep on in this motorized and mechanized age with labor-saving devices. Family eating customs and business meetings frequently include sizeable meals, while social and civic affairs offer tempting between-meal refreshments.
Effects of Overeating:
Many people indulge in food to the point where eating replaces other normal activities. Often, this has consequences particularly sad for the young. For many of the natural joys of youth may slip away from the overweight.
Weight and Appearance:
Employers may feel that overweight makes an individual undesirable for certain positions. The stout person, whether woman or man, finds it difficult to dress attractively. Therefore, many people want to reduce their weight for better appearance and health.
The study conducted at Michigan State College aims to help overweight people lose weight through a suitable diet. The program is designed to help overweight young women return to normal weight and stay that way. Overweight men and women of various ages, businessmen, housewives, and others follow the program at home and come to the College for advice.
The Diet Plan:
Scientists, combining their knowledge of nutrition and human nature, have formulated a low-calorie diet of everyday foods that give a high return in nutrition and satisfaction. The diet satisfies the appetite because it provides more fat than most reducing diets. The girls report that the meals are satisfying, but when a box arrives from home, they have to pep talk each other into resisting temptation.
The Importance of Exercise:
Activities are a part of the reducing program, and the girls keep a daily activity record, as well as the food record. Each girl is encouraged to exercise regularly. Just going to and from classes, the girls walk several miles a day.
After four months, the participants in the study have lost a considerable amount of weight, and their waistlines are coming back. The girl in the center has regained normal weight with a loss of 32 pounds. Others have lost 30 to 27 and 25 pounds and are continuing to lose one and a half to two pounds a week by following the diet. The controlled experiment has given us one answer to the problem of overweight for young and old alike, a tested program of sensible weight reduction through diet.
In conclusion, the article highlights the importance of maintaining a healthy weight and provides information on a suitable diet plan to help overweight individuals lose weight. The article also presents the benefits of weight loss, including renewed pride in personal appearance, new self-confidence, increased vitality, and better health. The principle of weight reduction demonstrated in the study can be applied effectively by others with excess weight, with the guidance of a position.
This Photo is NOT Edited - Take a Closer Look at This Brady Bunch Blooper!
The Brady Bunch was a popular American sitcom that aired from 1969 to 1974 and is still aired in reruns today. The show depicted the perfect American family with Mike and Carol Brady raising their blended family of six children. However, behind the scenes, there were many secrets that the show kept hidden. In this article, we will delve into some of the biggest secrets of The Brady Bunch that you may not have known about.
Facts and Secrets:
- Casting the Children: The show's creator and producer, Sherwood Schwartz, wanted to cast children who looked so much alike that the audience would believe they were related. He tested over 464 boys and girls until he found the perfect children for the show.
- It's All in the Name: Carol's maiden name is Tyler, and just before she married Mike, her name was Carol Martin. This was a sneaky ploy by the writers to let viewers know that Carol was divorced, not widowed.
- The D-Word: In the days when The Brady Bunch was filmed, divorce was taboo. The network did not approve of the idea that Carol was a divorcee, so to make them happy, they made her a widow, similar to Mike whose wife passed away.
- Widowed Parents: The show depicted the parents of two families who died, leaving six children all alone. Critics accused the creators and writers of taking this controversial concept too far.
- Protecting the Children: Robert Reed, who played Mike Brady, was known for causing problems on set. He fought with Sherwood Schwartz and the writers frequently. Despite this, when it came time to play the loving and devoted father, he did it exceptionally well.
- Royal Training: Robert Reed was a classically trained actor who graduated from the Royal Academy of Dramatic Arts in London before landing the role of Mike Brady.
- Florence Henderson's Upbringing: Florence Henderson, who played Carol Brady, had a very different upbringing than the Brady family. She was the youngest of 10 children, and her family was extremely poor. Her mother wanted to give her a better life, and that's how she got into acting.
- Child Support Issues: Christopher Knight, who played Peter Brady, was caught up in a court battle with his ex-girlfriend over child support. He owed her $12,000 per month, and since he wasn't making the payments, she dragged him into court.
- Florence's Depression: Florence Henderson experienced severe bouts of depression during the show. She also admitted to dealing with a dry marriage, which might be one of the reasons why she was so depressed. Later, she became a well-known relationship therapist.
- Marchia vs. Jan: Susan Olsen, who played Cindy Brady, revealed that the on-screen sibling rivalry between Marcia and Jan spilled into reality. Maureen McCormick was known as the pretty one, and Eve Plumb was the not-so-pretty one.
- Five-Finger Discount: Maureen McCormick, who played Marcia Brady, was caught shoplifting several times while filming the show.
- Greg Brady's Crush: Barry Williams, who played Greg Brady, had a massive crush on Florence Henderson, who played his mother on the show.
- No Kissing Allowed: Despite having a different girlfriend every week, Greg Brady never got to kiss a single girl throughout the entire series. The only Brady boy who got an onscreen kiss was Bobby Brady.
- Sharing a Bed: The Brady Bunch was one of the first TV shows to depict a couple sharing a bed on-screen.
- Cousin Oliver: Cousin Oliver was brought on to the show during the last season to try and boost the ratings.
The Brady Bunch may have depicted the perfect American family, but behind the scenes, there were many secrets that the show kept hidden. From sneaky ploys by the writers to protect the image of the characters to child support battles and shoplifting, The Brady Bunch had its fair share of scandals. Despite this, the show remains a beloved classic that continues to be watched by fans all over the world.
See You Next Year! High School Yearbooks in World War II
- Collin Makamson, Assistant Director of Education for Curriculum at the National WWII Museum, welcomes viewers to a webinar on WWII high school yearbooks.
- Yearbooks are a great primary source for understanding the WWII era.
- The WWII Museum has a collection of WWII high school yearbooks on their digital learning project, See You Next Year at ww2yearbooks.org.
- The yearbooks showcase the impact of WWII on young people's school lives, communities, and towns.
- Yearbooks are a personalized way to access the experiences of high school students during WWII.
- The Waco High School yearbook from Texas shows the war's influence on everything, including the cover, marginalia, and faculty organization.
- The Bolton High School yearbook from Louisiana shows a somber remembrance of former students who died in service.
- The West High School yearbook from Illinois pays tribute to former students and faculty who made the ultimate sacrifice in the war.
- The Topeka High School yearbook from Kansas shows the racial segregation of activities, even in an academically integrated school.
- The Dunbar High School yearbook from Ohio showcases the achievements of African American students in a segregated school.
- Yearbooks provide unique insights into the experiences of high school students during WWII.
- The WWII Museum's collection of yearbooks is a valuable resource for understanding the impact of the war on young people's lives.
What Hygiene In America Was Like 100 Years Ago
- Strange hygiene habits Americans had 100 years ago
- Evolution of hygiene and personal grooming over time
Strange hygiene habits:
- Radioactive soap and Lysol for cleaning
- Invention and marketing of deodorant in the 1920s
- Toothbrushes made from bone handles and boar bristles
- Bathing becoming more common in the late 19th century
- Soap becoming popular through marketing campaigns
- Shampoo bars and liquid shampoo
- Disposable sanitary pads revolutionizing feminine hygiene
- Purpose-built toilet paper becoming popular in the 1920s
- Lysol being used for feminine hygiene despite known dangers
- Invention of safety razors and electric razors
- Removing body hair becoming popular for women
- Use of radioactivity in hygiene products
- Hygiene and personal grooming practices have evolved significantly over the past century
- Some practices, such as using Lysol for feminine hygiene or using radioactive products, were dangerous and misguided
- Marketing played a significant role in popularizing certain hygiene products
- Overall, hygiene practices have become more effective and convenient over time.
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