ADS-B Out Mandate: Compliance Deadline Looms
This morning's topic is about the ADS-B mandate that is being enforced in the US on January 1st, 2020 and in the Euro Control area later this year. The mandate is part of an airspace mandate and is a completely automated system that uses GPS technology to transmit an aircraft's location, heading, altitude, and other data to ground stations. Failure to comply with the mandate could result in restrictions from controlled airspace and costly downtime for aircraft. To avoid these consequences, it is important to take action now and engage with an MRO to get a slot and order necessary equipment as soon as possible. The consequences of delaying could include higher costs, equipment and slot availability issues, and limitations on an aircraft's operations. It is important to note that the mandate is not driven by aircraft or equipment manufacturers, but by regulators. In addition, there are other regulatory mandates coming, such as CPDLC and FANS 1/A, that will also require upgrades. To reduce costs, it is recommended to match maintenance inputs with these upgrades and engage with MROs now. Ultimately, it is important to take the mandate seriously and get compliant as soon as possible.
Hey, More Free Weather and Traffic. New ADS-B Portables.
- The article discusses the latest developments in ADS-B receivers for aviation and the three newest products in the market.
- ADS-B is an automatic dependent surveillance broadcast system that provides aircraft position, weather, and traffic information.
Overview of ADS-B:
- ADS-B replaces radar for air traffic control and relies on data transmission through towers.
- It is a two-way system that can transmit weather and traffic information to the cockpit.
- ADS-B works on two frequencies, 978 MHz and 1090 MHz, and is mandatory for aircraft flying above 18,000 feet in the US.
Newest ADS-B Receivers:
- The Century by UAvionix works only with ForeFlight and has an attitude heading reference system and a built-in carbon monoxide detector. It sells for $499.
- The Stratus 3 by Appareo is compatible with various flight apps and can pair with a Stratus 1090 transponder for ADS-B In. It sells for $699.
- The DRX by DYNON is the smallest and least expensive at $345. It has an external antenna and the longest battery endurance.
Performance and Limitations:
- ADS-B receivers provide traffic and weather information, but limitations exist, such as not showing aircraft without ADS-B or mode C transponders.
- The performance of ADS-B receivers has improved, and the market has become price-competitive.
- ADS-B receivers offer enhanced safety and situational awareness for pilots, and the latest products provide good performance and value.
- Pilots should choose the ADS-B receiver that fits their needs and budget and carefully consider mounting options for optimal performance.
Chapter 1: What is ADS-B
- Welcome to ADSP University by Free Flight Systems
- In this chapter, we will cover the basics of what a DSP is
What is a DSP?
- DSP stands for Automatic Dependent Surveillance Broadcast
- Messages are sent out periodically without the need for interrogation
- Dependent on aircraft being equipped with a high integrity position source (i.e. GPS)
- Provides radar-like surveillance services, broadcasting aircraft position and other data to air traffic control and other equipped aircraft
- Final rule for DSP requirements issued by FAA in 2010, mandating all aircraft operating within set guidelines of airspace in the US to be equipped with a DSP out by January 1st, 2020
- Current transponder requirements remain unchanged
- Airspaces where a DSP is required for aircraft operation after January 1st, 2020 include:
- Class A airspace 18,000 feet and above
- Class B and Class C airspace including areas above these airspaces up to 10,000 feet and all airspace inside the mode C ring that surrounds class Bravo airports
- Class E airspace 10,000 feet above across the continental US and in the Gulf of Mexico 12 nautical miles out and at 3,000 feet and above
Why does a DSP make sense?
- A major component of the FAA's NextGen airspace overhaul program
- Designed to make flying safer and more secure
- Provides air-to-air and air-to-ground surveillance capabilities
- Provides surveillance services to remote or inhospitable areas such as Alaska, the Gulf of Mexico, and mountainous areas
- Provides real-time traffic information and subscription-free aeronautical information (e.g. datalink weather)
- Allows for reduced separation minimums and increased predictability, helping to reduce delays in arrival and departure procedures
- Fleet operators can track any of their aircraft in the ADSP Network for safety purposes
- Substantial financial savings for the FAA by eliminating duplicate radar coverage in the US
- Helps to reduce environmental impacts of aviation
- DSP is an important component of the FAA's NextGen airspace overhaul program
- It provides improved surveillance capabilities and real-time information to air traffic controllers and operators
- Mandated for aircraft operating within specific airspace guidelines in the US by January 1st, 2020
- Provides substantial financial savings for the FAA and helps to reduce environmental impacts of aviation
So You Blew Off ADS B Now What?
The Federal Aviation Administration has implemented a new regulation requiring all airplanes with electrical systems to have a DSB out installed before January 1st, 2020. This article discusses the implications of this regulation and provides a checklist for pilots to determine where they can fly without a DSB out.
- No flight above 10,000 feet
- No flight in Class B or Class C airspace, including mode C veils
- No flight in Class A airspace
- No flying under the shells
- Exceptions apply for non-electrical system airplanes, gliders, and balloons
- Flight into winter garden spots like Peoria, Illinois or the Cedar Rapids beer summit requires a DSP out.
- Backlog for installing a DSP out is typically 2 to 6 months, so pilots should schedule installation as soon as possible.
- Emergency authority trumps any equipment requirement, including a DSB out.
- One-time permission to fly into rural airspace without a DSB out can be requested, but it is not a practical way to avoid equipping.
Pilots must adhere to the new regulation requiring a DSB out for airplanes with electrical systems. Exceptions apply for non-electrical system airplanes, gliders, and balloons. Pilots should schedule installation of a DSP out as soon as possible to avoid any disruptions in flight. Emergency authority trumps any equipment requirement, and one-time permission to fly without a DSB out can be requested but is not a practical solution.
Levil Aviation Beacon Affordable ADS B Out for light sport and experimental amateurbuilt aircraft
Level Aviation's ADS-B Out Solution: A Timely and Affordable Option for Pilots
Level Aviation, a part of Level Technologies, is a company that specializes in aviation electronics, providing innovative solutions to the aviation industry. In this interview, Anandi Lian, a mechanical engineer at Level Aviation, discusses their new product, an ADS-B Out Solution.
Anandi Lian has a background in mechanical engineering, specifically materials engineering, with a focus on robotics and programming. She started working at Level Aviation as a programmer, developing calibration programs for the avionics in her dad's airplane. Over time, she transitioned into developing apps for the iPhone and embedded software for microprocessors. The company was started by her dad, who had been building and flying airplanes for as long as she can remember. He created a computer-based instrumentation system for his own airplane, which led to the development of the company.
The ADS-B Out Solution:
The ADS-B Out Solution is a device that transmits an aircraft's position, altitude, speed, and other information to ground stations and other aircraft. It is mandatory for all aircraft to have ADS-B Out capability by 2020, as part of the FAA's NextGen initiative. The Level Aviation ADS-B Out Solution is a cost-effective option that is easy to install and compatible with existing avionics.
- Easy to install, reducing ground time and installation costs
- Compatible with existing avionics, eliminating the need for costly upgrades
- Affordable, with a retail price of $1395
- Includes an interface for easy configuration
- Works with a variety of GPS antennas
- Compliant with the FAA's NextGen initiative
- Provides real-time information about nearby aircraft
- Increases situational awareness and safety in the cockpit
- Saves time and money on installation and upgrades
The Level Aviation ADS-B Out Solution is a timely and affordable option for pilots who need to comply with the FAA's NextGen initiative. It is easy to install, compatible with existing avionics, and provides real-time information about nearby aircraft, increasing situational awareness and safety in the cockpit. With a retail price of $1395, it is also an affordable solution that can save pilots time and money on installation and upgrades.
The Absolute Mandate For ALL Pilots/Owners - ADSB Out By 2020
ATS-B Equipment: What It Is and Why You Need It in the Aviation Community
- The FAA has mandated that all aircraft operating in certain airspaces must have ATS-B equipment installed by 2020
- This requirement is especially important for pilots and owners of older aircraft
What is ATS-B Equipment?
- ATS-B equipment is like having surveillance equipment on board that helps locate your aircraft
- It transmits your location and identity, helping ground towers and other aircraft locate you
- The FAA is mandating this rule for safety reasons
Why You Need ATS-B Equipment
- It helps ground towers locate you on their screens, ensuring safety in busy airspace
- It helps other aircraft locate you, preventing mid-air collisions
- It is especially important for pilots flying in controlled airspace
The Downside of ATS-B Equipment
- It can be expensive, costing between $2,000 and $5,000 to install
- Additional equipment can affect insurance rates and maintenance costs
Alternatives to ATS-B Equipment
- Aftermarket equipment can be purchased for a few hundred dollars and still provide necessary safety features
- This equipment can include a Raspberry Pi computer, radios, antennas, and GPS devices
- While ATS-B equipment can be expensive, it is necessary for safety reasons in controlled airspace
- Alternatives exist for those flying in uncontrolled airspace or those looking for cheaper options
- Safety should
ADS B Canada Diversity Mandate moves to Aug 2023
If you own an aircraft in Canada or fly in controlled airspace in Canada, it is important to know about the ADS-B requirements and upcoming mandates. In the United States, ADS-B relies on a network of over 600 ground stations, but in Canadian airspace, Nav Canada has committed to a space-based ADS-B system.
ADS-B System in Canada:
Nav Canada has committed to a space-based ADS-B system using the Iridium Next constellation of 66 satellites, which is already in operation over the Hudson Bay and the North Atlantic, as well as in the airspace above 29,000 feet throughout Canada. Since December 2021, Nav Canada has been providing service to appropriately equipped aircraft below 29,000 feet in the Montreal flight information region and plans to expand to the Edmonton and Winnipeg flight information regions before the end of 2022.
Canada's ADS-B out performance requirements mandate will be implemented through a phased approach. In February 2022, it was announced that effective February 23, 2023, aircraft using class A controlled airspace above 18,000 feet and class B airspace above 12,500 feet in Canada would be required to be equipped with an appropriate transponder with 80 SB out by a 1090 megahertz extended squitter and that supports antenna diversity.
Extension of Dates:
On August 2, 2022, citing supply chain limitations and backlogs, these dates were extended, and the class A airspace requirement will now go into effect on August 10, 2023, and the mandate for class B airspace has moved to May 16, 2024. There is no change to the mandate for class C, D, and E airspace, which states that ADS-B with antenna diversity will be implemented starting no earlier than 2026.
To meet the antenna diversity requirements, aircraft need a 1090 megahertz mode S transponder with extended squitter. It must have top and bottom mounted antennas or a single antenna that is capable of transmitting both towards the ground and up to the satellites. Aircraft in compliance with the Canadian ADS-B out mandate will also be compliant with U.S. and European ADS-B out mandates. However, U.S. and European aircraft that plan to fly in Canadian mandated airspace will have to meet the diversity antenna requirements.
Avidyne ADS-B Solutions:
Avidyne offers multiple ADS-B solutions to meet the diversity compliance mandate in Canada. As an authorized reseller of the L3 Harris Lynx systems, Avidyne offers the panel-mounted Lynx MGT 9000, the premium modes ADS-B out transponder with diversity dual antenna capability. The NGT9000 also provides dual-band ADS-B and integrated control and display of the transponder plus full-color display of 80SB traffic for enhanced safety, plus FSB weather when flying in or near U.S. airspace.
If you own an aircraft in Canada or fly in controlled airspace in Canada, it is important to stay up-to-date with the ADS-B requirements and mandates. Avidyne offers premium GPS and ADS-B diversity solutions to meet your needs. Contact Avidyne directly for more details and to locate a dealer near you.
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