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Facebook's New Rules on Political Ads: What You Need to Know

Published on: November 17 2023 by CBS News

Facebook's New Rules on Political Ads: What You Need to Know

Table of Contents:

  1. Introduction
  2. Facebook's relaxed rules on political ads
  3. The impact of Facebook's policy change
  4. Facebook's justification for the policy change
  5. The blurred line between ads and regular posts
  6. Responsibility for spreading propaganda
  7. Comparison with other media platforms
  8. The need for regulation and oversight
  9. Challenges in regulating political ads on social media
  10. The rise of new companies and the potential for regulation


Facebook's relaxed rules on political ads are generating a lot of attention and criticism as the 2020 presidential race heats up. This article will delve into the implications of Facebook's policy change and its impact on the spread of propaganda and misinformation. We will also discuss the blurred line between ads and regular posts on Facebook, and the responsibility the platform should take in preventing the spread of false claims. Additionally, we will compare Facebook with other media platforms and explore the need for regulation in the digital age. Finally, we will examine the challenges of regulating political ads on social media and the potential consequences of breaking up or regulating Facebook.

Facebook's Relaxed Rules on Political Ads

In late September, Facebook altered its policy regarding political ads, effectively making it easier for campaigns to spread false information. This change has sparked controversy and drawn scrutiny, particularly due to the upcoming presidential election. The Trump campaign has already taken advantage of these relaxed rules by running an ad that makes false claims about former Vice President Joe Biden. Despite public outcry, Facebook has defended its decision, citing the exemption of political ads from fact-checking.

The Impact of Facebook's Policy Change

The decision to allow misinformation in political ads raises concerns about the spread of propaganda and its effects on public trust. With false claims being propagated and amplified on a platform as influential as Facebook, the potential impact on public opinion and decision-making is significant. The spread of misinformation could have far-reaching consequences for democracy, especially during election season.

Facebook's Justification for the Policy Change

Facebook argues that it has not changed its policy and has never fact-checked politicians or newsworthy individuals. The platform maintains that it wants to ensure newsworthy content reaches the public without interference. While Facebook denies the allegations made in the report, many believe that by allowing ads with false information, the platform is playing a role in the spread of propaganda.

The Blurred Line Between Ads and Regular Posts

Determining what constitutes an ad on Facebook is not always clear-cut. With a wide range of posts and the ability to promote regular content, identifying ads becomes blurry. A post from a news organization that is promoted to gain more subscribers might be considered an ad. The same confusion extends to political posts and clips that politicians want to boost with paid promotions. Facebook's criteria rely on whether money is being put behind a post to promote it.

Responsibility for Spreading Propaganda

Given Facebook's extensive reach and influence, questions arise about the platform's responsibility in spreading propaganda. Although Facebook claims not to be a news organization, the impact of the content it allows cannot be ignored. Instances from other countries where propaganda spread on social media platforms led to real-life implications highlight the need to consider the public trust at stake.

Comparison with Other Media Platforms

While radio, television, and newspapers have introduced federal agencies to regulate content, similar mechanisms are lacking for digital platforms like Facebook. This absence of efficient oversight poses challenges when it comes to holding Facebook accountable for the spread of propaganda. The rise of social media platforms has outpaced regulations, leaving a gap in addressing the potential harm caused by false political ads.

The Need for Regulation and Oversight

The lack of federal oversight and regulations for political advertising on platforms like Facebook highlights the need for new legislation. The absence of a comprehensive political advertising law and federal control over these platforms adds to the difficulty of addressing the issue. Even though there have been some discussions regarding antitrust measures, no significant action has been taken to regulate political ads.

Challenges in Regulating Political Ads on Social Media

Regulating political ads on social media platforms faces multiple challenges. The blurred line between ads and regular content creates ambiguity, making it difficult to determine what warrants oversight. Differentiating between legitimate campaigns, political action committees (PACs), and malicious groups becomes complicated when addressing the issue of propaganda. The complexity of the problem necessitates a comprehensive approach to ensure responsible advertising.

The Rise of New Companies and the Potential for Regulation

Regulating or breaking up companies like Facebook and Google can lead to a new era of companies taking advantage of the situation. Similar scenarios have occurred before, as seen with the breakup of Microsoft, which paved the way for the rise of Google. While the potential for new companies brings its own set of challenges, the need for regulation and accountability in digital platforms remains a crucial consideration.

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